comes a time when one must take a position that is neither
safe, popular, or political, but because it is right."
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Note: Rubin "Hurricane"
Carter was twice convicted of triple murder; this web site will
show you the many good reasons why. Original documents, photographs
and transcripts are used to expose the many lies in the Hollywood
movie (see graphics at right) and
in Dylan's song. (Both the movie and
song were created with Carter's cooperation -- what does that
tell you?!) I stand behind everything in this site, and you
can rest assured that the documents in it are authentic. If
you assume all of this is motivated by racism, read
this. -- Cal Deal
REWARD(was $50 ... then $100) ... to the first person who produces
a news clipping -- published BEFORE the June 1966 murders -- that documents
Rubin Carter's claimed civil rights activism. Must be from a reputable
news organization. We've checked the microfilm and haven't found a single
article to back up his claims. Frankly, we don't believe him. Decision
of Cal Deal is final. Send
email.REWARD UNCLAIMED as of June 2015. This challenge has been online since 2002.
ALTERNATE SEARCH ENGINE
JOHN ARTIS ARRESTED FOR COCAINE DEALING! He claims the drugs were for medicinal
use, but 1986 news reports tell a different story. And ... he pleaded
guilty! Excerpts from the original stories.Complete
news clippings, 1986.Click
CARTER'S ACTUAL PRISON RECORD. Includes
psychiatric evaluations ("beginning to show psychotic behavior")
and a record of disciplinary problems. Used in Prosecutor's 1985 brief.
11 pages, 1.1 MB PDF. Click
"JUSTICE WINS" --
This newspaper editorial appeared after Carter's second conviction in
1976. 12/76 clipping
NEW! FROM STAR WITNESS PAT VALENTINE...
1967 Trial Testimony. Her story of that bloody night -- published
in full for the first time. She says Carter's car is the one
that fled the murder scene. (9/25/02) Click
here for 172K PDF file. Secret Grand Jury Testimony. Never before published in its entirety! From 1966.
here for PDF file. Statements
to Police. Scanned from her personal copies.
-- June 17, 1966 statement (day of murders).
Page 1 -- Page 2 -- Oct.
19, 1966 statement.Page
1 -- Page 2
-- Page 3
CARTER'S BOXING CAREER SELF DESTRUCTS!
His hopes for
a crack at the middleweight crown are dead, "Ring" magazine
says in an article published just two months before the murders! Click
The REAL detective's 1979 obituary. (9/14/02) Click here.
2 FREE DOWNLOADS
1. Statement of Facts in searchable PDF format! This is one of the key
prosecution documents and contains the best overall summary of
the evidence against Carter. 218 pages. Go to page.
2. Recantations Rejected! Two
prosecution witnesses recanted in 1974, but did you know that
their recantations were such obvious lies that Carter's request
for a new trial was rejected?? This interesting, 25-page decision
explains why. Download
135K searchable PDF file.
EX-WIFE CONDEMNS LESRA MARTIN'S "LIES." Victoria Vaughan says
Martin's claim that he had a close relationship with Rubin Carter is
not true. "You continue to disgust me with your lies," she
writes. "It's very sad to see that people look up to you."
(Lesra was the kid in the movie.) Click
"Truth will ultimately prevail
where pains is taken to bring it to light."
-- George Washington in a letter to Charles
Aug. 10, 1794
Barbara Burns, daughter of murder victim Hazel Tanis,
of cancer, 12/01. Barbara was a big supporter of this web site
and worked hard to get the word out about Carter.
Theodore Capter, one of the two officers who apprehended
Carter 30 minutes after the murders. Sometime early in 2002.
passed away on Tuesday, Feb. 8, 2000, according to an e-mail
from his nephew, former Paterson Police Lt. Ray LaConte. Donald
LaConte was the first person to obtain a statement from Al Bello
identifying Rubin Carter as one of the gunmen. Read
His Nephew's Tribute
SECRET REPORT gives
his assessment of the case against Carter just months before
the second murder trial. "None of us have any reasonable
doubt as to the guilt of the defendants," he says. CLICK
than anybody in this grim and grimy business, you have helped
restore the adage that 'one man can make a difference.'"
Reid Collins Former
CBS and CNN, in a note to Cal Deal
QUESTIONS DYLAN'S JUDGMENT Dylan
should have done more than chat with a convicted triple murderer
before writing the song "Hurricane," says columnist
Mike Cleveland in 1975. "Carter may have been set up. ...
But he might also have been guilty as hell and Dylan does not
take that into even the remotest consideration." Read
People Magazine article
PHOTO SHOOT Bob
Dylan performed for Carter at Clinton State Prison in 1975, but
when People Magazine ran a large photo of the two men, it showed
Carter behind bars. Could they have shaken hands? Given each
other a hug? A peck on the cheek? You bet! See
what the situation was really like.
BEEN CHAMP???? Carter's
boxing record was a lousy 7-7-1 in 1965-'66. View
TAPE WAS MENTIONED AT TRIAL -- In 1975, Carter's
supporters made a big deal about a tape recording they claimed
was "suppressed" by the prosecution because it contained
evidence of "deals" made to get the testimony of prosecution
witness Al Bello. But the existence of the "secret"
tape was actually revealed during Carter's 1967 trial. Full
story from Oct. 16, 1975.
COURTS SAID I WAS NOT GUILTY." That statement is not true,
but that's what Carter told the press and public in Lincoln,
Nebraska, where he was given the key to the city. He also told
them the movie is accurate. See Cal
Deal's comments on the story.
Recent statements by Carter that have gone unchallenged. Read quotes.
BELLO SAYS HE WAS OFFERED BRIBES TO RECANT his identification of Carter
and Artis in 1974, and points the finger at Fred Hogan, an investigator
for the Public Defender's Office in Monmouth County. Read
1/7/76 news story.
HOGAN AND THE RECANTATION OF AL BELLO -- This prosecutor's brief
tells the amazing story. Read the
Real Freakin' Story of The Hurricane" from cyberboxingzone.com,
which looks at his boxing career. Excerpt: People "are blown
away when I tell them the real story of "The Hurricane"
& his boxing career as opposed to the claptrap of the film.
And what's even more astounding is that after I tell them the
real details of Carter's life & career they don't wanna believe
me ... They'd rather believe in the movie & Dylan's song
because that makes them feel all warm & fuzzy." [Caution:
portrays a "Lt. Vince" as a racist obsessed with nailing
Rubin Carter. The real Lt. Vince was a big, sensitive man who
was hurt by all the criticism. After the second Carter trial,
hundreds gathered to pay tribute to him. Read
the program and see some photos.
father was the ultimate honest cop"
Were there a lot of cars on the road in Paterson at 2:30 a.m.
when the shootings occurred?
Minutes after the shootings, police were told to look for a white
car with two "colored" occupants. Just blocks from
the shooting scene, Sgt. Ted Capter and Officer Angelo DeChellis
spotted a speeding white car with out-of-state plates. They tried
to intercept it by driving a lengthy, circuitous route.
rode quite a distance and we didn't see anything on the road,"
Sgt. Capter testified. Then they spotted Carter's car -- a white
car with out-of-state plates -- five blocks from where they had
seen the speeding white car. They pulled it over. [Note: I
called Sgt. Capter in January 2000 to ask him about the "didn't
see anything" quote. I wanted to know if it could be taken
literally. He said yes; there were no other cars on the road.
Sgt. Capter died early in 2002.]
Was Carter driving his car?
Depending on your point of view, he was either "hiding"
or "lying down" on the back seat for what was supposedly
a short drive home. (It makes sense to be hiding if you think
your famous face has just been seen by an eyewitness at a murder
scene and the police may be hunting for you.) John Artis was
driving. A then-unidentified man was in the passenger seat.
Why did the officers let Carter and Artis go at first?
were three blacks in the car, and the initial report said the
getaway car had two black occupants.
Why did those same police officers go looking for Carter and
Artis just minutes later?
the murder scene, they talked to Al Bello, a witness who saw
the getaway car. Bello said the white car had brake lights that
lit up "like a butterfly." He also said it had out-of-state
plates. Carter's car had both.
soon as we heard that, I looked at my partner and he looked at
me and we both shook our heads and we left the scene to go looking
for [Carter's] car again," Capter testified.
Carter and Artis at 3 a.m. and took them to the murder scene,
where both Bello and Pat Valentine identified Carter's car as
the getaway vehicle. That occurred less than an hour after the
Were the murder weapons found in the car?
Officials believe they were dumped at a friend's house, which
is why Carter and Artis were still on the road and in the area
when the second stop occurred. It also explains why they were
confident enough to be driving slowly.
a search of the car at 3:45 a.m., Lt. DiRobbio found a .32 caliber
bullet and a 12 gauge shotgun shell. The rounds matched the calibers
of the the murder weapons.
were seen by witness Pat Valentine as she was being led into
police headquarters, they were mentioned in the official police
report, and the bullet was shown that morning to Carter himself,
which he admitted at trial.
Lona Manning's April 26, 2014 message
to The New York Times Correction Desk
"The article is full of errors"
TO THE NEW YORK TIMES CORRECTION DESK
Subject: Errors in Rubin Hurricane Carter obituary
Selwyn Raab’s obituary for Rubin Hurricane Carter [Rubin (Hurricane) Carter, Boxer Found Wrongly Convicted, Dies at 76, April 20, 2014], accurately states that the boxer’s conviction for triple murder was twice overturned on procedural grounds. But Raab and the NYT continue to rely on Carter’s autobiography for the facts of the boxer’s life, and therefore the article is full of errors.
Although it is not central to the murders, most journalists, including Raab, lead their articles with Carter by suggesting that his star boxing career was “cut short” by his murder conviction. This is simply not the case. Carter’s career was on the skids. He was not, as he claims, preparing to challenge for the middleweight championship. [DOCUMENTATION: 1966 "Ring" boxing magazine on "CARTER'S SKID," published one month before the murders.] He was an employee of the City of Paterson, working as a youth outreach worker.
Raab is incorrect that Carter was 11 years old when he was sent to reform school, supposedly for defending himself against a pedophile. In fact, he was 14 years old and the ringleader of a small gang of thugs who attacked a man and stole his watch. [DOCUMENTATION: Prosecutor's 1985 Brief].
Carter was not the army light welterweight boxing champion. [DOCUMENTATION: See The New York Times correction of 2000.] He wrote that falsehood decades before the digital age made it possible to easily check the record. Now Selwyn Raab can consult Stars & Stripes for the period in question and he will find out who the boxing champ really was.
Raab’s article also implies, as did Carter, that the ferocious image he cultivated as a boxer was foisted on him by his manager. But Carter repeatedly and gratuitously introduced the subject of guns and violence in the interviews he gave during his career, which Raab could easily confirm for himself. [DOCUMENTATION: Saturday Evening Post interview with Carter, 1964.] .
Does it matter that Carter’s autobiography, written to persuade the public of his innocence, is packed with falsehoods? If the fact that Carter wasn’t a star athlete at the time of the murders doesn’t matter, Why does Raab lead his obituary with this often-repeated error? And if the facts do matter, why won’t the New York Times investigate the truth of Carter’s falsehoods about himself and his accusations against others, and correct the record?
And for those who assert that the facts don’t matter because the Carter myth has “truthiness” because, after all, black men were oppressed in the 1960’s, ask yourself if you would like to be vilified in a Hollywood movie like the Paterson detectives, in the service of promoting an argument (civil rights) that was won long ago.
NOTE: To my knowledge, no response was received by Lona.
SEARCH THIS WEB SITE:
"My father would've had
NOTHING to do with [Carter]"
Rubin Carter's claim that he was "friends
with Malcolm X for 12 years" is false, says Qubilah Shabazz, a daughter of Malcolm.
the uncontested claim in a 2010 video documentary about Bob Dylan, the title of which I shall not promote here.
To find out if there was any truth to his claim, I asked Qubi.
Here is her August 2010 response in full:
"To my knowledge
there was NOT a personal friendship btwn Carter + my dad. The only
boxer my dad had a close friendship w/ was Ali.
was quite the hostess back in the day. Everyone vied for a coveted
position @ our diningroom table. I don't recall Carter ever being
an invitee. And I would remember.
dad had absolutely divorced from the lifestyle that Carter was
living. My father would've had NOTHING to do w/him. You can take
that to the bank.
publicity-conscious as Carter is, he would have photos of the 2
of them together. I doubt he can produce any."
Along on Carter's Getaway
Route with YouTube!
Digitally enlarged video, 6/17/15
This movie shows the route believed to have been followed by Hurricane Carter & John Artis after the 1966 triple murder in Paterson, N.J. This is based on the Prosecutor's reconstruction as presented at trial. This map helps tie it all together.
Narrated by Cal Deal. See his web site, "Hurricane Carter: The Other Side of the Story."
• The Nite Spot -- six blocks away -- where Carter was hanging out minutes before the murders.
• Eddie Rawls' apartment, where prosecutors believe the guns were dumped
• The spot where Carter and Artis were first stopped by police just 10 minutes after the murders. This is the spot depicted in the "any two will do" scene of the movie. That's a line spoken by Denzel Washington as Carter.
In real life, within an hour, both eyewitnesses had identified Carter's unusual, brand-new car as the getaway car.
IMPORTANT TO KNOW WHEN WATCHING: The murder of Eddie Rawls' black stepfather hours earlier is believed to have been the motive for the "revenge" killings of three whites at the Lafayette Grill.
(NOTE: The video was originally shot in 480p miniDV. A low-resolution version was put on YouTube in 2006. It had received 173,490 views as of 6/17/15. This version has been digitally enlarged to 720p to make it much clearer and easier to view.)
Carter's conviction was overturned based on procedural errors, NOT evidence.
View Route Using GoogleEarth
flyover tour of Carter's triple murder getaway route — as
reconstructed by the the prosecutor — with photos
of each location! Requires GoogleEarth
frame from this documentary shows Ed Lozzi in Hollywood holding
a poster created by Cal Deal, editor of this web site. The
posters were used by pickets outside the Academy of Motion
Picture Arts & Sciences during screenings of "Hurricane" in
2000. The Academy members were voting on who would receive
the Oscars that year. "Hurricane" got none!
IGNORE CARTER Not one star shows up at 1976 trial; supporters
are few, courtroom is half-empty, press is bored. Read
WROTE the books upon which the movie was
based. I WROTE the script upon
which the movie was filmed from. I CHOSE
DENZEL Washington to play me."
Rubin Carter March 12, 2000
The Greensboro (NC)
News & Record
Director Norman Jewison ignored many damning
facts to portray Rubin Carter as an innocent man.
graphics below use court records and news clippings
to show how the movie lied about what really happened.
you may not realize is that Rubin Carter has NEVER
been declared innocent or otherwise exonerated by
the courts. Carter was set free because of
two alleged procedural errors, NOT because of new
evidence. Those alleged errors were cited by a single
judge who heard no witnesses and issued an error-filled
opinion that demonstrated his very poor grasp
of the facts. The judge claimed
the prosecution had appealed to "racism over
reason" -- which makes no sense because the 1976
jury that convicted Carter included two blacks! That
lone judge threw out the work of scores of police
and prosecutors who, to this day, believe Rubin Carter
is a triple murderer. So do I. -- Cal Deal
FLUNKED FOR SURE!
That comes directly from the man who gave Carter the test
in 1966. He says there was absolutely no doubt about the
REJECTS "GO FREE" OFFER! Pass a lie test
and go free, the Prosecutor told Carter in 1976. Carter
refused the incredible offer -- which had no down side for
him. Read the CONFIDENTIAL
letters between the Prosecutor and Carter's attorney
REFUSES LIE TEST 4 TIMES!
at other sites:
MYTHS GET SHOT DOWN Canadian
excellent web site examines the misleading and downright
false information that's being fed to the public by and
about Rubin Carter. HIGHLY
RECOMMENDED READING.Click here.
TO A PSYCHOPATH" A
fascinating, uncompromising psychological analysis of Carter
Brown, Investigative Criminal Profiler and a licensed
Virginia Private Investigator. An excerpt: "The events
in the movie seemed phony and lacking in details, so I moved
on to Carter's own words to fill in the missing information.
And there, it was ... the truth, nestled within a huge pack
of lies. Carter was clearly a psychopath and a pathological
liar. In his own words, he tells us this. Truth and lies
intermingle in a most fascinating journey through his psychopathic
mind. What a gem of a book!" CLICK
HERE TO READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE
SECRET LETTER ON RACIAL ISSUES After
sucessfully prosecuting Carter & Artis, Prosecutor Humphreys
writes to the Governor and reveals his thoughts about race and
the Carter case. View the letter.
THE RACIAL REVENGE
first injected into Carter's 1976 trial by Carter's attorneys,
NOT by the prosecutors. Ironically, the judge cited the prosecution's
use of the theory as his main reason for setting Carter free
in 1985. Explanation in
From the day of the murders, June 17, 1966 (3 pages). View
FIRST NEWS ARTICLE
on the day of the murders. Includes the first mention of the
racial revenge theory (near the end). Read
Carter was linked to the Lafayette Grill murders just 20 minutes
after they occurred. Two
cops realized the description of the killers' getaway car exactly
matched Carter's Dodge -- which they had just stopped.
ROUTE The graphic at right brings the prosecution's
"racial revenge" theory into focus as it relates to
the movements of Carter & Artis after the murders. It shows
how Carter's car and a police car crossed paths, and explains
why the two police officers went looking for Carter & Artis
only minutes after letting them go. View the
graphic (It will take a few moments to download at 160k)
CARTER AT CRIME
This is the ONLY picture of Carter at the Lafayette Grill (right).
It was taken 35 minutes after the murders. View
blowup and stories.
"HOW I APPREHENDED
Sergeant Capter testifies about pulling over Carter's car just
after the murders. From a 1967 pre-trial hearing. Complete
than an hour after the murders, two eyewitnesses said Rubin Carter's
car was the one they saw pulling away from the murder scene.
The new, white car had two unusual features -- out-of-state plates
and butterfly taillights. The streets of Paterson were deserted
at that hour, which greatly narrowed the field of possible choices.
And the occupants were black, which matched the description of
the killers. Read the 1975 story.
DRAMATIC TESTIMONY It
was Carter's car I saw leaving the murder scene
Complete 1967 Trial Testimony of Pat Valentine. Her story of that bloody night -- published in
its entirety for the first time. (9/25/02) Click
here for PDF file.
VALENTINE'S SECRET GRAND
JURY TESTIMONY. This
key witness tells the story of that terrible night and says
Carter's car is the one that fled the murder scene. Never-before
published in its entirety! 9/9/02
here for PDF file.
TO POLICE View
her personal copy of her first formal statement, which was
made just hours after the murders. Page
1 -- Page
Artis Were the Gunmen, Shooting Victim Told Close
In private, the
lone surviving victim of the 1966 Lafayette Grill shootings
positively identified Rubin "Hurricane" Carter
and John Artis as the gunmen, according
to the his brother and some friends. The movie falsely
portrays the man as indicating they were innocent. That
never happened. Full news story
from Oct. 16, 1975. -- READ TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW
descriptions of gunmen
closely match Carter & Artis
until 1975 that the public first saw this sketch of one of Hazel
Tanis' killers. The sketch was drawn by a police artist based
based on Tanis' description. It was not entered into evidence
because of the unexpected death of Mrs. Tanis, who was shot five
times and lived 28 days. Does it look like Carter's co-defendant
John Artis? You be the judge. Go to blowup
of sketch and read news story
Assemblyman Eldridge Hawkins looked into the Carter case for
N.J. Gov. Byrne, he reported the following about Hazel Tanis,
the victim who died about one month after the shootings:
Tanis ... advised her son, Lawrence Burns of Boynton Beach, Florida,
that the short one was very slim and young and seemed scared.
The one with the shotgun she alleged to have been as tall as
her son (6' with very short hair, she said bald), not a kid,
maybe around age 30 with a mean look. This information was obtained
according to the son, by him at his mother's bedside while she
was in the Hospital." [See photo of
Carter just after the murders.] Note: Burns is now deceased.
from the heights of the men, the descriptions seem to fit Carter
and Artis. Regarding the heights, remember that Mrs. Tanis was
cowering on the floor in the corner of the bar, so her perception
of heights would have been affected by the angle of view and
the distance each gunman stood from her.
LIVE ROUNDS IN CARTER'S
CAR FIT MURDER WEAPONS
searched Carter's car shortly after the murders, they found a
live shotgun shell and a live .32 caliber bullet rolling around
inside. The live rounds are significant because they fit the
murder weapons and were found long before the caliber of the
handgun used in the crime was determined. Three people saw the
rounds in the police garage shortly after they were found: a
citizen (Pat Valentine), a detective (Donald LaConte) and a newspaper
reporter (Paul Alberta). All so testified at the second trial.
"If they did find the ammunition in the car, and there's
no credible evidence that it was planted, that's a strong piece
of information." --
Fox News' "O'Reilly Factor"
There is NO credible evidence that the live rounds were planted.]
CAR I.D. &
LIVE ROUNDS HAD BIG IMPACT ON JURY (news story) -- The identification
of Carter's car and the discovery of a bullet and a shotgun shell
in the car were more important to the 1967 jurors than the testimony
of Al Bello and Arthur Bradley, who identified Carter and Artis
as the gunmen, according to one juror. The jury believed Bello
and Bradley, though. Full 1975 story.
HUNTS FOR HIS GUNS Although
his .12 gauge shotgun and two or three riftles had been stolen
a year earlier, it was on the night of the triple murder that
Carter decided to hunt for them. That hunt began just hours after
a black friend's stepdad had been murdered by a white man. Prosecutors
believe that murder resulted in the "revenge" murder
at the white Lafayette Grill. Read the prosecutor's
CARTER TO ALIBI WITNESS: "REMEMBER
THIS" While in jail
awaiting his first trial, Rubin Carter writes to his main alibi
witness and tells her the story "I want you to remember."
He runs through the alibi story point by point. "Read the
front page carefully, and remember it," he says. Now
you can read the letter from April 5, 1967. (I believe it
was intercepted by the authorities.)
IS SWEPT ASIDE BY HURRICANE" The Irish Times focuses
on "preposterous" claims by Carter and severely criticizes
the Kansas City Star for printing them without question. Among
other things, Carter has been saying that J. Edgar Hoover and
the FBI were out to get him. "And here's the worst part
of it all" says the Times, "[Star columnist Jason]
Whitlock fell for it - hook, link and sinker." Read
George Kimball's excellent May 11, 2000 column. (PDF file)
Al Bello and Pat Valentine signed the same page of the same copy
of Carter's book. View autographs.
AL BELLO SINGS (in more ways
than one). In the 1970s, Bello tried songwriting and gave me
a copy of one of his musical efforts. This is the first time
it's been seen publicly. See song.
DRUNK IN COURT
third man in the car when Carter & Artis were stopped by
police 10 minutes after the murders was John "Bucks"
Royster. When he testified in 1967, Royster slumped in the witness
chair and the judge asked him how many drinks he had downed before
coming to court that morning. Read the
original news article.