Rubin Carter, Twice Convicted of Murder

 Why This Site Exists
by Cal Deal

"There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, popular, or political, but because it is right."

— Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Note: Rubin "Hurricane" Carter was twice convicted of triple murder; this web site will show you the many good reasons why. Original documents, photographs and transcripts are used to expose the many lies in the Hollywood movie (see graphics at right) and in Dylan's song. (Both the movie and song were created with Carter's cooperation -- what does that tell you?!) I stand behind everything in this site, and you can rest assured that the documents in it are authentic. If you assume all of this is motivated by racism, read this. -- Cal Deal


$200 REWARD (was $50 ... then $100) ... to the first person who produces a news clipping -- published BEFORE the June 1966 murders -- that documents Rubin Carter's claimed civil rights activism. Must be from a reputable news organization. We've checked the microfilm and haven't found a single article to back up his claims. Frankly, we don't believe him. Decision of Cal Deal is final. Send email. REWARD UNCLAIMED as of June 2015. This challenge has been online since 2002.


JOHN ARTIS ARRESTED FOR COCAINE DEALING! He claims the drugs were for medicinal use, but 1986 news reports tell a different story. And ... he pleaded guilty! Excerpts from the original stories. Complete news clippings, 1986. Click here.

CARTER'S ACTUAL PRISON RECORD. Includes psychiatric evaluations ("beginning to show psychotic behavior") and a record of disciplinary problems. Used in Prosecutor's 1985 brief. 11 pages, 1.1 MB PDF. Click here.

"JUSTICE WINS" -- This newspaper editorial appeared after Carter's second conviction in 1976. 12/76 clipping

Trial Testimony.
Her story of that bloody night -- published in full for the first time. She says Carter's car is the one that fled the murder scene. (9/25/02) Click here for 172K PDF file.
Secret Grand Jury Testimony. Never before published in its entirety! From 1966. (9/9/02) Click here for PDF file.
Statements to Police. Scanned from her personal copies. -- June 17, 1966 statement (day of murders). Page 1 -- Page 2 -- Oct. 19, 1966 statement. Page 1 -- Page 2 -- Page 3

BOB DYLAN last played "Hurricane" on Jan. 25, 1976. See critique of song: Dylan Murders the Truth. See web site: "How Long Has it Been Since Dylan Played..."

CARTER'S BOXING CAREER SELF DESTRUCTS! His hopes for a crack at the middleweight crown are dead, "Ring" magazine says in an article published just two months before the murders! Click here.

The REAL detective's 1979 obituary. (9/14/02) Click here.

1. Statement of Facts
in searchable PDF format! This is one of the key prosecution documents and contains the best overall summary of the evidence against Carter. 218 pages. Go to page.

2. Recantations Rejected! Two prosecution witnesses recanted in 1974, but did you know that their recantations were such obvious lies that Carter's request for a new trial was rejected?? This interesting, 25-page decision explains why. Download 135K searchable PDF file.

Judge Leopizzi bent over backwards to be fair to Carter & Artis. Read his statement from a 1981 hearing.

50 original news clippings from Carter's first trial. He says the coverage was "diabolical"; the clips will show you otherwise. View index of clippings

NY Daily News headline: "CARTER, ARTIS GUILTY AGAIN," 12/76 front page

EX-WIFE CONDEMNS LESRA MARTIN'S "LIES." Victoria Vaughan says Martin's claim that he had a close relationship with Rubin Carter is not true. "You continue to disgust me with your lies," she writes. "It's very sad to see that people look up to you." (Lesra was the kid in the movie.) Click here.

"Truth will ultimately prevail where pains is taken to bring it to light."

-- George Washington
in a letter to Charles Thruston,
Aug. 10, 1794


Barbara Burns, daughter of murder victim Hazel Tanis, of cancer, 12/01. Barbara was a big supporter of this web site and worked hard to get the word out about Carter.

Theodore Capter, one of the two officers who apprehended Carter 30 minutes after the murders. Sometime early in 2002.

Detective Donald LaConte passed away on Tuesday, Feb. 8, 2000, according to an e-mail from his nephew, former Paterson Police Lt. Ray LaConte. Donald LaConte was the first person to obtain a statement from Al Bello identifying Rubin Carter as one of the gunmen. Read His Nephew's Tribute

Confidential letter

PROSECUTOR'S SECRET REPORT gives his assessment of the case against Carter just months before the second murder trial. "None of us have any reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendants," he says. CLICK HERE



"An exciting
web site"

-- Dick Cavett
"More than anybody in this grim and grimy business, you have helped restore the adage that 'one man can make a difference.'"

-- Reid Collins
Former News Correspondent,
CBS and CNN, in a note to Cal Deal

Your web site is a (pardon me) knockout. Bravo!

-- Larry Elder
KABC Talkradio (3 to 7 p.m.), Los Angeles (Elder's web site)

Elder on Carter:
"Hurricane Warning"


JUDGE SAROKIN'S 1985 RULING Why he freed Carter, Complete text

FACTUAL ERRORS ABOUND in Sarokin's ruling. He just didn't understand the case. A point-by-point rundown by Jonathan R.


PROSECUTOR'S REBUTTAL An excellent outline of the case against Carter is contained in this response to Sarokin's decision. Read the 1987 brief


This site is a work in progress and committed to accuracy: eMail corrections.


HOW DYLAN GOT IT WRONG A verse- by-verse critique of his incredibly inaccurate song "Hurricane," which hurts the good people who put Carter behind bars.

COLUMNIST QUESTIONS DYLAN'S JUDGMENT Dylan should have done more than chat with a convicted triple murderer before writing the song "Hurricane," says columnist Mike Cleveland in 1975. "Carter may have been set up. ... But he might also have been guilty as hell and Dylan does not take that into even the remotest consideration." Read the column.

People Magazine article

PHONY PHOTO SHOOT Bob Dylan performed for Carter at Clinton State Prison in 1975, but when People Magazine ran a large photo of the two men, it showed Carter behind bars. Could they have shaken hands? Given each other a hug? A peck on the cheek? You bet! See what the situation was really like.

COULD-A BEEN CHAMP???? Carter's boxing record was a lousy 7-7-1 in 1965-'66. View chart.



NEW YORK TIMES INTERVIEW with Cal Deal regarding the Carter case and this web site. Read story (you may have to sign into their site).

KEY ARGUMENTS in the case as of 1975. Did witnesses lie? Was evidence suppressed or mishandled? Defense vs. Prosecution. See what both sides had to say.

'SECRET' TAPE WAS MENTIONED AT TRIAL -- In 1975, Carter's supporters made a big deal about a tape recording they claimed was "suppressed" by the prosecution because it contained evidence of "deals" made to get the testimony of prosecution witness Al Bello. But the existence of the "secret" tape was actually revealed during Carter's 1967 trial. Full story from Oct. 16, 1975.

DID CONTROVERSY KILL "HURRICANE'S" OSCAR HOPES? Read Staci D. Kramer's story on story about this site and others: Web Sites Aim to Debunk "Hurricane" by Staci D. Kramer.

"THE COURTS SAID I WAS NOT GUILTY." That statement is not true, but that's what Carter told the press and public in Lincoln, Nebraska, where he was given the key to the city. He also told them the movie is accurate. See Cal Deal's comments on the story.

Carter QuoteWatch. Recent statements by Carter that have gone unchallenged. Read quotes.


AL BELLO SAYS HE WAS OFFERED BRIBES TO RECANT his identification of Carter and Artis in 1974, and points the finger at Fred Hogan, an investigator for the Public Defender's Office in Monmouth County. Read 1/7/76 news story.

FRED HOGAN AND THE RECANTATION OF AL BELLO -- This prosecutor's brief tells the amazing story. Read the 1/19/87 brief.


"The Real Freakin' Story of The Hurricane" from, which looks at his boxing career. Excerpt: People "are blown away when I tell them the real story of "The Hurricane" & his boxing career as opposed to the claptrap of the film. And what's even more astounding is that after I tell them the real details of Carter's life & career they don't wanna believe me ... They'd rather believe in the movie & Dylan's song because that makes them feel all warm & fuzzy." [Caution: Profanity]

EX-CHAMP GIARDELLO SUED over movie's false depiction of 1964 fight. The suit settled and Giardello got some cash. READ THE COMPLETE TEXT OF THE SUIT


Hundreds Honor
Lt. Vince DeSimone

The movie portrays a "Lt. Vince" as a racist obsessed with nailing Rubin Carter. The real Lt. Vince was a big, sensitive man who was hurt by all the criticism. After the second Carter trial, hundreds gathered to pay tribute to him. Read the program and see some photos.

"My father was the ultimate honest cop"
By James DeSimone

Read his remembrance of his dad & his comments on the movie

DeSimone's obituary

DeSimone's daughter finally says "goodbye"

Read the letter she wrote to her Dad 18 years after his death.



"I was beginning to think the victims of this horrible crime were forgotten."
Read his email message


Hurricane Q&A

Q. Were there a lot of cars on the road in Paterson at 2:30 a.m. when the shootings occurred?

A. No. Minutes after the shootings, police were told to look for a white car with two "colored" occupants. Just blocks from the shooting scene, Sgt. Ted Capter and Officer Angelo DeChellis spotted a speeding white car with out-of-state plates. They tried to intercept it by driving a lengthy, circuitous route.

"We rode quite a distance and we didn't see anything on the road," Sgt. Capter testified. Then they spotted Carter's car -- a white car with out-of-state plates -- five blocks from where they had seen the speeding white car. They pulled it over. [Note: I called Sgt. Capter in January 2000 to ask him about the "didn't see anything" quote. I wanted to know if it could be taken literally. He said yes; there were no other cars on the road. Sgt. Capter died early in 2002.]

Q. Was Carter driving his car?

A. No. Depending on your point of view, he was either "hiding" or "lying down" on the back seat for what was supposedly a short drive home. (It makes sense to be hiding if you think your famous face has just been seen by an eyewitness at a murder scene and the police may be hunting for you.) John Artis was driving. A then-unidentified man was in the passenger seat.

Q. Why did the officers let Carter and Artis go at first?

A. There were three blacks in the car, and the initial report said the getaway car had two black occupants.

Q. Why did those same police officers go looking for Carter and Artis just minutes later?

A. At the murder scene, they talked to Al Bello, a witness who saw the getaway car. Bello said the white car had brake lights that lit up "like a butterfly." He also said it had out-of-state plates. Carter's car had both.

"As soon as we heard that, I looked at my partner and he looked at me and we both shook our heads and we left the scene to go looking for [Carter's] car again," Capter testified.

They found Carter and Artis at 3 a.m. and took them to the murder scene, where both Bello and Pat Valentine identified Carter's car as the getaway vehicle. That occurred less than an hour after the murders.

Q. Were the murder weapons found in the car?

A. No. Officials believe they were dumped at a friend's house, which is why Carter and Artis were still on the road and in the area when the second stop occurred. It also explains why they were confident enough to be driving slowly.

During a search of the car at 3:45 a.m., Lt. DiRobbio found a .32 caliber bullet and a 12 gauge shotgun shell. The rounds matched the calibers of the the murder weapons.

The rounds were seen by witness Pat Valentine as she was being led into police headquarters, they were mentioned in the official police report, and the bullet was shown that morning to Carter himself, which he admitted at trial.


Lona Manning's April 26, 2014 message
to The New York Times Correction Desk

"The article is full of errors"


Subject: Errors in Rubin Hurricane Carter obituary

Selwyn Raab’s obituary for Rubin Hurricane Carter [Rubin (Hurricane) Carter, Boxer Found Wrongly Convicted, Dies at 76, April 20, 2014], accurately states that the boxer’s conviction for triple murder was twice overturned on procedural grounds. But Raab and the NYT continue to rely on Carter’s autobiography for the facts of the boxer’s life, and therefore the article is full of errors.

Although it is not central to the murders, most journalists, including Raab, lead their articles with Carter by suggesting that his star boxing career was “cut short” by his murder conviction. This is simply not the case. Carter’s career was on the skids. He was not, as he claims, preparing to challenge for the middleweight championship. [DOCUMENTATION: 1966 "Ring" boxing magazine on "CARTER'S SKID," published one month before the murders.] He was an employee of the City of Paterson, working as a youth outreach worker.

This also suggests that he was not the civil rights firebrand that he claimed to be. Raab cannot produce one contemporary article in which Carter used his public platform as a celebrity athlete to advance the civil rights movement in the 1960’s, and yet Carter’s assertion that he was framed for being an activist is central to his appeal for the public’s support and sympathy. [DOCUMENTATION: Carter was NOT a friend of Malcolm X, Malcolm's daughter says.]
[$200 REWARD for article documenting Carter's alleged civil rights activism.]

Raab is incorrect that Carter was 11 years old when he was sent to reform school, supposedly for defending himself against a pedophile. In fact, he was 14 years old and the ringleader of a small gang of thugs who attacked a man and stole his watch. [DOCUMENTATION: Prosecutor's 1985 Brief].

Carter was not the army light welterweight boxing champion. [DOCUMENTATION: See The New York Times correction of 2000.] He wrote that falsehood decades before the digital age made it possible to easily check the record. Now Selwyn Raab can consult Stars & Stripes for the period in question and he will find out who the boxing champ really was.

The Paterson newspapers also reported on the arrest of one "Reuben Carter," age 14. This is irrefutable fact and the obituary information is incorrect. [DOCUMENTATION: See Paterson News clipping from 1957.]

Raab’s article also implies, as did Carter, that the ferocious image he cultivated as a boxer was foisted on him by his manager. But Carter repeatedly and gratuitously introduced the subject of guns and violence in the interviews he gave during his career, which Raab could easily confirm for himself. [DOCUMENTATION: Saturday Evening Post interview with Carter, 1964.] .

It’s also false that the publication of the Saturday Evening Post article in which Carter calls for the shooting of cops, set off a campaign of police harassment against him. The incidents he cites in his autobiography, including the arrest in Hackensack, occurred months before the article was published.

Does it matter that Carter’s autobiography, written to persuade the public of his innocence, is packed with falsehoods? If the fact that Carter wasn’t a star athlete at the time of the murders doesn’t matter, Why does Raab lead his obituary with this often-repeated error? And if the facts do matter, why won’t the New York Times investigate the truth of Carter’s falsehoods about himself and his accusations against others, and correct the record?

And for those who assert that the facts don’t matter because the Carter myth has “truthiness” because, after all, black men were oppressed in the 1960’s, ask yourself if you would like to be vilified in a Hollywood movie like the Paterson detectives, in the service of promoting an argument (civil rights) that was won long ago.


Lona Manning

NOTE: To my knowledge, no response was received by Lona.



"My father would've had
NOTHING to do with [Carter]"

Rubin Carter's claim that he was "friends with Malcolm X for 12 years" is false, says Qubilah Shabazz, a daughter of Malcolm.

Carter makes the uncontested claim in a 2010 video documentary about Bob Dylan, the title of which I shall not promote here.

To find out if there was any truth to his claim, I asked Qubi. Here is her August 2010 response in full:

"To my knowledge there was NOT a personal friendship btwn Carter + my dad. The only boxer my dad had a close friendship w/ was Ali.

"My mother was quite the hostess back in the day. Everyone vied for a coveted position @ our diningroom table. I don't recall Carter ever being an invitee. And I would remember.

" dad had absolutely divorced from the lifestyle that Carter was living. My father would've had NOTHING to do w/him. You can take that to the bank.

" publicity-conscious as Carter is, he would have photos of the 2 of them together. I doubt he can produce any."



Ride Along on Carter's Getaway
Route with YouTube!

Digitally enlarged video, 6/17/15

This movie shows the route believed to have been followed by Hurricane Carter & John Artis after the 1966 triple murder in Paterson, N.J. This is based on the Prosecutor's reconstruction as presented at trial. This map helps tie it all together.

Narrated by Cal Deal. See his web site, "Hurricane Carter: The Other Side of the Story."

The video is mostly shot from a car, but starts with the view of the getaway scene from the apartment of "Miss Patty Valentine," as Bob Dylan called her. HEAR PAT VALENTINE describe what she saw.

Then it takes you by car to:

• The Nite Spot -- six blocks away -- where Carter was hanging out minutes before the murders.

• Eddie Rawls' apartment, where prosecutors believe the guns were dumped

• The spot where Carter and Artis were first stopped by police just 10 minutes after the murders. This is the spot depicted in the "any two will do" scene of the movie. That's a line spoken by Denzel Washington as Carter.

In real life, within an hour, both eyewitnesses had identified Carter's unusual, brand-new car as the getaway car.

IMPORTANT TO KNOW WHEN WATCHING: The murder of Eddie Rawls' black stepfather hours earlier is believed to have been the motive for the "revenge" killings of three whites at the Lafayette Grill.

(NOTE: The video was originally shot in 480p miniDV. A low-resolution version was put on YouTube in 2006. It had received 173,490 views as of 6/17/15. This version has been digitally enlarged to 720p to make it much clearer and easier to view.)

Carter's conviction was overturned based on procedural errors, NOT evidence.


Or View Route Using GoogleEarth

A flyover tour of Carter's triple murder getaway route — as reconstructed by the the prosecutor — with photos of each location! Requires GoogleEarth software.

Click on left GoogleEarth panel to get descriptive box and photos.

Why Denzel should not get the Oscar for his portrayal of Carter

By Cal Deal, 2/21/00 — Click here

SEE picketers in Hollywood during the Oscar voting

A point-by-point look at how it misleads a trusting public. Read about Norman Jewison's falsumentary.

"Ex-Reporter Rains on Denzel's Parade" Miami Herald story about Cal Deal and efforts to stop Denzel from winning a "Hurricane" Oscar.

He says what's false is "true" and sympathizes with a man twice convicted of murder. Comments on two unfortunate statements by the head of the Motion Picture Association of America


 Documentary examines lies
in 'Hurricane' movie

Film features Ed Lozzi & Cal Deal

Still frame from this documentary shows Ed Lozzi in Hollywood holding a poster created by Cal Deal, editor of this web site. The posters were used by pickets outside the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences during screenings of "Hurricane" in 2000. The Academy members were voting on who would receive the Oscars that year. "Hurricane" got none!


AUSTRALIA GETS IT RIGHT Movie "takes enormous liberties with the truth," reviewer says. Sydney, Australia Daily Telegraph

CELEBRITIES IGNORE CARTER Not one star shows up at 1976 trial; supporters are few, courtroom is half-empty, press is bored. Read 1976 article


"I WROTE the books upon which the movie was based. I WROTE the script upon which the movie was filmed from. I CHOSE DENZEL Washington to play me."

– Rubin Carter
March 12, 2000
The Greensboro (NC)
News & Record

Director Norman Jewison ignored many damning facts to portray Rubin Carter as an innocent man. The graphics below use court records and news clippings to show how the movie lied about what really happened.

What you may not realize is that Rubin Carter has NEVER been declared innocent or otherwise exonerated by the courts. Carter was set free because of two alleged procedural errors, NOT because of new evidence. Those alleged errors were cited by a single judge who heard no witnesses and issued an error-filled opinion that demonstrated his very poor grasp of the facts. The judge claimed the prosecution had appealed to "racism over reason" -- which makes no sense because the 1976 jury that convicted Carter included two blacks! That lone judge threw out the work of scores of police and prosecutors who, to this day, believe Rubin Carter is a triple murderer. So do I. -- Cal Deal


-- Carter was NOT the No. 1 contender

-- Carter was NOT a "war hero"
-- Carter was NOT a child hero

-- Getaway scene is misleading ... in Carter's favor

-- Movie "blinds" an eyewitness who saw it all
-- Movie clutters up star witness' clear view

-- Racist pig detective never existed, filmmakers admit

-- Racism made bar a target for revenge
-- Racial profiling?? No ... Carter's car matched getaway car

-- 2 witnesses identified Carter's car as getaway car!
-- Survivor told friends Carter & Artis were the gunmen

-- Phone record wasn't faked; time of call was well documented

-- Burglars "conspiring" to frame Carter were really 75 miles apart

PLUS: |Carter "signs off" on movie script



Picket sign used in Hollywood at screenings
of the movie "Hurricane"

"I wanted to be the Administrator of Justice, the Revealer of Truth, the Inflicter of All Retribution. I gloried in these thoughts."
-- Rubin "Hurricane" Carter in "The 16th Round," p 139

Cyber Boxing Zone Message Board:
Rubin Carter ... Guilty or Not?

How Dylan Got It Wrong



CARTER FLUNKED FOR SURE! That comes directly from the man who gave Carter the test in 1966. He says there was absolutely no doubt about the results EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW

CARTER REJECTS "GO FREE" OFFER! Pass a lie test and go free, the Prosecutor told Carter in 1976. Carter refused the incredible offer -- which had no down side for him. Read the CONFIDENTIAL letters between the Prosecutor and Carter's attorney


at other sites:

CARTER MYTHS GET SHOT DOWN Canadian Lona Manning's excellent web site examines the misleading and downright false information that's being fed to the public by and about Rubin Carter. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED READING. Click here. (It now exists only in the Internet Archive).

"ODE TO A PSYCHOPATH" A fascinating, uncompromising psychological analysis of Carter by Pat Brown, Investigative Criminal Profiler and a licensed Virginia Private Investigator. An excerpt: "The events in the movie seemed phony and lacking in details, so I moved on to Carter's own words to fill in the missing information. And there, it was ... the truth, nestled within a huge pack of lies. Carter was clearly a psychopath and a pathological liar. In his own words, he tells us this. Truth and lies intermingle in a most fascinating journey through his psychopathic mind. What a gem of a book!" CLICK HERE TO READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE


"Rubin Carter is a substantial threat
to the community"
(Prosecutor's report)

Click here to read the stories below:


  • Top Carter Supporter Says 'Carter Beat Me' (1976 news article)
  • Prosecutor's report on the beating
  • Exclusive: Carter bodyguard's 1976 statement on the beating

Actual News ClippingCARTER'S 1957 ROBBING & BEATING SPREE We've got the actual newspaper account, and it's not at all like the sanitized story in his book. Read more

CARTER'S VIOLENT SIDE Newark Star Ledger column

CARTER'S THREATS "If you mess with me, I'm going to try to kill you," Carter tells the Saturday Evening Post (1964)

CARTER'S ARREST "Boxer Faces Two New Charges in Paterson" (1965 news article)


 Comments by web site creator Cal Deal

PROSECUTOR'S SECRET LETTER ON RACIAL ISSUES After sucessfully prosecuting Carter & Artis, Prosecutor Humphreys writes to the Governor and reveals his thoughts about race and the Carter case. View the letter.

THE RACIAL REVENGE THEORY was first injected into Carter's 1976 trial by Carter's attorneys, NOT by the prosecutors. Ironically, the judge cited the prosecution's use of the theory as his main reason for setting Carter free in 1985. Explanation in 1987 brief.

RACIST CONSPIRACY? Carter's top prosecutor had been a member of the NAACP, for gosh sakes! Excerpts from 1967 interview.

CONSPIRACY FRAMED CARTER? If that's true, it must have been an awfully big conspiracy, judging by the size of the witness list. View the list from Carter's 1967 trial.

Black Investigator Places Carter at Murder Scene


CRIME SCENE PHOTOS CAUTION: Disturbing content!! View photos


THE MURDERS How it all went down, 2:30 a.m. June 17, 1966. Story, published in 1975.

MURDER SCENE The Lafayette Grill in Paterson NJ. LARGE exterior photo from 1975

WHERE HAZEL TANIS WAS TRAPPED Grandmother was fatally shot five times at close range, including one shotgun blast. View police diagram and photo.

ORIGINAL POLICE REPORT From the day of the murders, June 17, 1966 (3 pages). View report

FIRST NEWS ARTICLE Published on the day of the murders. Includes the first mention of the racial revenge theory (near the end). Read the article.



Hurricane Carter was linked to the Lafayette Grill murders just 20 minutes after they occurred. Two cops realized the description of the killers' getaway car exactly matched Carter's Dodge -- which they had just stopped.

Getaway MapGETAWAY ROUTE The graphic at right brings the prosecution's "racial revenge" theory into focus as it relates to the movements of Carter & Artis after the murders. It shows how Carter's car and a police car crossed paths, and explains why the two police officers went looking for Carter & Artis only minutes after letting them go. View the graphic (It will take a few moments to download at 160k)

CARTER AT CRIME SCENE This is the ONLY picture of Carter at the Lafayette Grill (right). It was taken 35 minutes after the murders. View blowup and stories.

Carter at scene"HOW I APPREHENDED RUBIN CARTER" Sergeant Capter testifies about pulling over Carter's car just after the murders. From a 1967 pre-trial hearing. Complete transcript.




Less than an hour after the murders, two eyewitnesses said Rubin Carter's car was the one they saw pulling away from the murder scene. The new, white car had two unusual features -- out-of-state plates and butterfly taillights. The streets of Paterson were deserted at that hour, which greatly narrowed the field of possible choices. And the occupants were black, which matched the description of the killers. Read the 1975 story.

It was Carter's car I saw leaving the murder scene

Complete 1967 Trial Testimony of Pat Valentine. Her story of that bloody night -- published in its entirety for the first time. (9/25/02) Click here for PDF file.

VALENTINE'S SECRET GRAND JURY TESTIMONY. This key witness tells the story of that terrible night and says Carter's car is the one that fled the murder scene. Never-before published in its entirety! 9/9/02 Click here for PDF file.

STATEMENTS TO POLICE View her personal copy of her first formal statement, which was made just hours after the murders. Page 1 -- Page 2

VALENTINE'S DAMNING TESTIMONY Under oath in 1967 she identifies Carter's car as the killers' getaway car. Read her testimony.

FIRST PICTURE EVER PUBLISHED of star witness Pat Valentine, right, who saw the getaway car and testified at Carter's two trials. View blowup. Photo Copyright by The Graphic Witness, Inc.

VALENTINE REAFFIRMS TESTIMONY in a February 2000 statement.


Al Bello

Bello saw them face-to-face

Articles, tapes and pictures on the Al Bello page

Carter, Artis Were the Gunmen, Shooting Victim Told Close Friends

MarinsIn private, the lone surviving victim of the 1966 Lafayette Grill shootings positively identified Rubin "Hurricane" Carter and John Artis as the gunmen, according to the his brother and some friends. The movie falsely portrays the man as indicating they were innocent. That never happened. Full news story from Oct. 16, 1975. -- READ TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW


Police sketch

Victim's descriptions of gunmen
closely match Carter & Artis

It wasn't until 1975 that the public first saw this sketch of one of Hazel Tanis' killers. The sketch was drawn by a police artist based based on Tanis' description. It was not entered into evidence because of the unexpected death of Mrs. Tanis, who was shot five times and lived 28 days. Does it look like Carter's co-defendant John Artis? You be the judge. Go to blowup of sketch and read news story

When black Assemblyman Eldridge Hawkins looked into the Carter case for N.J. Gov. Byrne, he reported the following about Hazel Tanis, the victim who died about one month after the shootings:

"Hazel Tanis ... advised her son, Lawrence Burns of Boynton Beach, Florida, that the short one was very slim and young and seemed scared. The one with the shotgun she alleged to have been as tall as her son (6' with very short hair, she said bald), not a kid, maybe around age 30 with a mean look. This information was obtained according to the son, by him at his mother's bedside while she was in the Hospital." [See photo of Carter just after the murders.] Note: Burns is now deceased.

Aside from the heights of the men, the descriptions seem to fit Carter and Artis. Regarding the heights, remember that Mrs. Tanis was cowering on the floor in the corner of the bar, so her perception of heights would have been affected by the angle of view and the distance each gunman stood from her.



When police searched Carter's car shortly after the murders, they found a live shotgun shell and a live .32 caliber bullet rolling around inside. The live rounds are significant because they fit the murder weapons and were found long before the caliber of the handgun used in the crime was determined. Three people saw the rounds in the police garage shortly after they were found: a citizen (Pat Valentine), a detective (Donald LaConte) and a newspaper reporter (Paul Alberta). All so testified at the second trial.

Bill O'Reilly:
"If they did find the ammunition in the car, and there's no credible evidence that it was planted, that's a strong piece of information."

-- Fox News' "O'Reilly Factor"
-- February 2000

[Note: There is NO credible evidence that the live rounds were planted.]

POLICE REPORT MENTIONS ROUNDS Page from June 17, 1966 homicide report

CAR I.D. & LIVE ROUNDS HAD BIG IMPACT ON JURY (news story) -- The identification of Carter's car and the discovery of a bullet and a shotgun shell in the car were more important to the 1967 jurors than the testimony of Al Bello and Arthur Bradley, who identified Carter and Artis as the gunmen, according to one juror. The jury believed Bello and Bradley, though. Full 1975 story.

CARTER HUNTS FOR HIS GUNS Although his .12 gauge shotgun and two or three riftles had been stolen a year earlier, it was on the night of the triple murder that Carter decided to hunt for them. That hunt began just hours after a black friend's stepdad had been murdered by a white man. Prosecutors believe that murder resulted in the "revenge" murder at the white Lafayette Grill. Read the prosecutor's brief.




His witnesses admit they lied!

CONFLICTING STORIES Carter and co-defendant John Artis said they were together the night of the murders, but gave conflicting stories. View chart comparing their stories


CARTER TO ALIBI WITNESS: "REMEMBER THIS" While in jail awaiting his first trial, Rubin Carter writes to his main alibi witness and tells her the story "I want you to remember." He runs through the alibi story point by point. "Read the front page carefully, and remember it," he says. Now you can read the letter from April 5, 1967. (I believe it was intercepted by the authorities.)




'TRUTH IS SWEPT ASIDE BY HURRICANE" The Irish Times focuses on "preposterous" claims by Carter and severely criticizes the Kansas City Star for printing them without question. Among other things, Carter has been saying that J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI were out to get him. "And here's the worst part of it all" says the Times, "[Star columnist Jason] Whitlock fell for it - hook, link and sinker." Read George Kimball's excellent May 11, 2000 column. (PDF file)

PITTSBURGH REPORTER TAKES ON CARTER Read Milan Simonich's excellent story

CARTER APPEARANCE "AN INSULT" TO MANDELA Comment from Australia's Herald-Sun

ACTUAL FRONT PAGE "Carter and Artis Are Found Guilty" -- 1976 View front page

BULLETIN BY ASSOCIATED PRESS Carter convicted in second trial (12/21/76)

Ron Lipton Tells His Story


 Items of Interest

AUTOGRAPHS OF STAR WITNESSES Al Bello and Pat Valentine signed the same page of the same copy of Carter's book. View autographs.

AL BELLO SINGS (in more ways than one). In the 1970s, Bello tried songwriting and gave me a copy of one of his musical efforts. This is the first time it's been seen publicly. See song.

DRUNK IN COURT The third man in the car when Carter & Artis were stopped by police 10 minutes after the murders was John "Bucks" Royster. When he testified in 1967, Royster slumped in the witness chair and the judge asked him how many drinks he had downed before coming to court that morning. Read the original news article.


NO CLEMENCY Letter to the Governor opposing executive clemency for Carter & Artis. Written by the son of Lafayette Grill owner Betty Panagia, 10/75. Read the letter

CARTER'S CLOTHING BILL Before the second trial, he buys seven suits and a tux (3/18/76). View the receipt.


The Prisoner: Rubin Carter during Aug. 28, 1975 prison interview

Muhammad Ali, co-chair of the Hurricane Trust Fund, visits Paterson, NJ in support of Carter, 1976 (Photo by Cal Deal)

Vince DeSimone, Chief of County Detectives, Passaic County Prosecutor's Office, January 1977.

Burrell Ives Humphreys, the Passaic County Prosecutor, and Vince DeSimone, Chief of County Detectives, leave the Passaic County Courthouse after Carter's second conviction, Dec. 21, 1976.